Effects of the Rotating Arc Technique on the GMA Welding Process

:: Artigo completo: https://doi.org/10.1590/0104-9224/SI25.19


Recent profusion of advanced GMAW process variants impairs understanding of the nature of each one, with the arc rotation technique among them. This paper’s objective is investigating influences of wire-electrode rotation over metal transfer mode and melting rate. A bead on plate experimental matrix was performed and electrical signals acquired in synchronicity with high speed videography. Impacts of electrode rotation were observed on welding voltage and current, whereby rotation speed exerts marked influence. Droplet short-circuiting frequency was affected, culminating in free-flight transfer mode for higher rotation speeds. Increase of melting rate was observed for lower electrical power, indicating efficiency enhancement of the process. Moreover, arc rotation proved to expand controllability of the thermal development of the workpiece. Results are supported by videothermography.
Key-words: Rotation speed; Metal transfer modes; SpinArc; MIG/MAG; Automated welding torch; Temperature profile.

Silva, R.H.G.; Schwedersky, M.B.; Santos, A.G.M; Okuyama, M.P. Effects of the rotating arc technique on the GMA welding process. Soldagem & Inspeção. 2020;25:e2519. https://doi.org/10.1590/0104-9224/SI25.19